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The Generational
Perception of Gender
and Biological Sex
Megan Symons
Rockdale Magnet
2014
Purpose and Rational
How are topics such as gender as biological sex perceived by people from different
generations?
The purpose of this study is to gauge the public’s perception on issues concerning
biological sex and gender.
Being informed is the first step we must take in order to address these issues. When
an individual’s identity is rejected it can damage their sense of self.
A staggering 41 percent of transgender people in the United States have attempted
to commit suicide (High Suicide Risk, Prejudice Plague Transgender People, Clara
Moskowitz, 2010) and many face abuse at home and school.
Experimental Design Diagram
Hypothesis: Members of older age groups (40-99) will have lower perception scores
whereas younger age groups (10-39) will have higher perception scores.
Null Hypothesis: There will be no significant difference between the perception scores
between any particular age group(s).
IV: Age Groups
10-14 15-18 19-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79 80-89 90-99+
20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
DV: Perception score
Constants: Survey questions, scoring system
Detailed Procedure
Week 1 and 2 work on survey and alpha test in class.
Week 3 Distribute survey, http://www.quia.com/sv/662554.html, via email, social
media, and physical copies.
Participants will then complete the survey.
The survey results will then be analyzed using an ANOVA test and Microsoft excel.
Correlations and other patterns will be observed and recorded.
Reject or accept hypothesis based on analysis.
Write conclusions
Survey Questions
How old are you? (please respond in number of years)
What is your biological sex?
What is your gender?
How strongly do you agree with the following statements? (1=strongly disagree 5=strongly agree)
Gender roles are important in maintaining social order.
Women are sensitive and intuitive.
Men are logical, sensible and rational.
Rate the following activities based on their masculinity 1 and femininity 5 (3 is neutral)
Balancing a budget
Jumping rope
Camping
Data Analysis
Question 1
How old are you?
(Age)
3%
5%
8%
15%
21%
8%
6%
4%
3%
1%
1%
2%
3%
4%
1%
1%
1%
4%
1% 2%1%
2%1%
1%
1% 1%1%
Age Distributions of Participants
14 15
16 17
18 19
20 21
22 23
24 25
26 27
43 44
47 49
51 52
57 59
60 67
72 77
80
52%
24%
8%
13%
3%
Age Category Distribution of Participants
14-18
19-25
26-30
41-60
61-80
Question 2 & 3
What is your biological sex?
What is your gender?
60%
25%
5%
3%
3% 1%
1%
1%
1%
Biological Sex /Gender Identity Distributions of Participants
Sex: Female; Gender: Female
Sex: Male; Gender: Male
Sex: Female; Gender: None
Sex: Female; Gender: Genderfluid
Sex: Female; Gender: Male
Sex: Female; Gender: Androgenous
Sex: Female to Male; Gender: Male
Sex: Male; Gender: Female
Sex: None; Gender: None
Question 1, 2, & 3
Age, Biological Sex, Gender
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
NumberofParticipants
Age Category, Biological Sex, & Gender
Age Category, Biological Sex, & Gender Distributions of Participants Grouped by Age
Category
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
NumberofParticipants
Age Category, Biological Sex and Gender
Age Category, Biological Sex and Gender Distributions in Participants Grouped by
Biological Sex & Gender
Question 4
Have you been diagnosed by a licensed doctor with
clinical depression?
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
Age Category: 14-18 Age Category: 19-25 Age Category: 26-30 Age Category: 41-60 Age Category: 61-80
Distribution of Depression Grouped by Age Category
Depression: Yes Depression: No
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
Sex: F;
Gender: F
Sex: M;
Gender: M
Sex: F;
Gender: N
Sex: F;
Gender: GF
Sex: F;
Gender: M
Sex: F;
Gender: An
Sex: F t M;
Gender: M
Sex: M;
Gender: F
Sex: N;
Gender: N
Distribution of Depression Grouped by Biological Sex & Gender
Depression: Yes Depression: No
Question 5
Have you been diagnosed by a licensed doctor with an
anxiety disorder?
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
Age Category: 14-18 Age Category: 19-25 Age Category: 26-30 Age Category: 41-60 Age Category: 61-80
Distribution of Anxiety Grouped by Age Category
Anxiety: Yes Anxiety: No
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
Sex: F;
Gender: F
Sex: M;
Gender: M
Sex: F;
Gender: N
Sex: F;
Gender: GF
Sex: F;
Gender: M
Sex: F;
Gender: An
Sex: F t M;
Gender: M
Sex: M;
Gender: F
Sex: N;
Gender: N
Distribution of Depression Grouped by Biological Sex & Gender
Anxiety: Yes Anxiety: No
Conclusions
Will discuses the significance of data, rejection or support of the hypothesis,
experimental error, and future study.
Acknowledgements
I would like to acknowledge my research teacher, Mrs. Baskett, for her assistance in
correcting the survey and for her support. I would like to give thanks to all of the
individuals who participated in the study as none of this would be possible without
their contributions.
Citations
Bem, S. (1981). Gender schema theory: A cognitive account of sex typing. Psychological Review,88(4),
354-364. Retrieved from http://psych.cornell.edu/sites/default/files/Gender Schema Theory.pdf
California, J., & Hollimon, S. E. (1996). Sex, gender and health among the chumash: an archaeological
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Gorski, E. (2010). Stoic, stubborn, or sensitive: How masculinity affects men's help-seeking and help-
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Citations
Kitzinger, C. (1999). Intersexuality: Deconstructing the sex/gender binary. Feminism & Psychology, 9(4),
493-498. doi: 10.1177/0959353599009004016
Lorber, J. (1994). 'Night to his day ': The social construction of gender. Paradoxes of Gender, 54-65.
Retrieved from http://130.58.92.210/Students/phys29_2013/ElectronicReadings/Week 12/Lorber.pdf
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convention, Nashville. Retrieved from http://www.acpa.nche.edu/sites/default/files/SCM Research
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Peter, J., Schouten, A. P., & Valkenburg, P. M. (2005). Adolescents' identity experiments on the internet.
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http://www.alexanderschouten.nl/thesis_aschouten.pdf
Valkenburg, P. M., Schouten, A. P., & Peter, J. (2005). Adolescents’ identity experiments on the internet.
New Media & Society, 3, :383–402 . doi: 10.1177/1461444805052282
The Generational
Perception of Gender
and Biological Sex
Megan Symons
Rockdale Magnet
2014